-ir French verbs : second group
Conjugaison des verbes du deuxième groupe
Salut, and welcome to our lesson about -ir French verbs conjugation at Language Easy! Most of them belong to the second group of verbs, and in this group, there are no more exceptions than in the first group. So, you can gladly learn by heart the conjugation tables shown here, and apply them to any verb of this group that you know.
The second group (le deuxième groupe) contains all the verbs that
- end in –ir at the infinitive
- end in –issant at the present participle
The following conjugation tables apply to all of them without any irregularity – except for the verb haïr (to hate), as explained below.
Examples of verbs in the second group are accomplir (to accomplish), se blottir (to snuggle), choisir (to choose), définir (to define), engourdir (to numb), faiblir (to weaken), grandir (to grow up), haïr (to hate), investir (to invest)…
Keep in mind that there are some verbs which end in –ir but have their present participle in -ant instead of -issant : courir (to run), mourir (to die)… These verbs belong to the third group.
The irregularity of haïr resides in the accent : it keeps the diaresis (ï) in all its conjugation except at the three singular persons of the indicative present (je hais, tu hais, il hais) and at the second singular person of the imperative present (hais).
Conjugation of the -ir French verbs
La conjugaison des verbes du deuxième groupe
The verbs from the second group are always conjugated
- with the auxiliary être if pronominal;
- else with the auxiliary avoir.
We chose the verb guérir (to heal) as our model because it can be both pronominal (guérir) or non-pronominal (se guérir), which makes the study easier.