German Conjunctional Clauses – Explanation and Examples

Konjunktivsätze im Deutschen – Erklärungen und Beispiele

Welcome to language-easy.org! Well, this article is about German conjunctional clauses, a special type of German dependent sentence. Of course, we will try to explain the characteristics and special feature of these clause. Additionally we will have a look at the conjunctions that introduce these dependent sentences.

By the way, there is an article on Wikipedia that can give you some additional information about German conjunctional clauses, in case you’d like to know more about this topic. And now, let’s not loose too much time and come straight to the first point of this article and clear up what German conjunctional clauses actually are.

What are German Conjunctional Clauses?

Was sind Konjunktivsätze im Deutschen?

Let’s start right ahead and give a short description of this type of German dependent sentence.

A German conjunctional clause is a dependent sentence that is always initiated by a conjunction.

Of course, all of you know that conjunctions connect the main clause and the dependent clause. So, in the following table, you can see an overview about the most important conjunctions used in the German language.

alsdamitje sodasswährend
als dassdassnachdemsofernweil
als obehe obsolangewenn
als wennfallsobgleichsooftwenn auch
anstattgeschweigeobschonsovielwenngleich
anstatt dassgleichwieobwohlsoweitwie
außer dassindemobzwarsowenigwie wenn
außer wennindesohne dasssowiewiewohl
bevorindessenseitstattwo
bisinsofernseitdemstatt dasswohingegen
dainsoweitsobaldtrotzdemzumal

Well, as we know the introducing vocabulary of German conjunctional clauses, we should dedicate some attention to the construction of this dependent sentence.

How to Build a German Conjunctional Clause?

Well, as mentioned above, a German conjunctional clause is always initiated by a conjunction. After that the subject and object of the sentence follow. Of course, in German, the conjugated form of the verb here always stands at the very end of the sentence. Simply keep in mind the following formular:

Conjunction + Subject + Object + conjugated Verb

So, in the following I’d like to illustrate the correct use and construction of German conjunctional clauses by some examples phrases.

  • Sobald ich genaueres weiß, sage ich dir bescheid.” – As soon as I know more, I will let you know.
  • “Philip isst gerne bolivianisch, wohingegen Julian lieber italienisch isst. – Philip likes to eat Bolivian food, whereas Julian prefers Italian food.
  • Obwohl er viel gelernt hat, hat der die Prüfung nicht bestanden.” – Despite having learned a lot, he didn’t pass the exam.

Exercises

Übungen

Finally we have reached the last part of this article where you can proof the German skills you have just learned. In the following you will see some phrases that you should complete with the correct terms. Once you have filled all the gaps, just click on the “correct” button and  you can see your errors and the correct results. Good luck and .. auf Wiedersehen!

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