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German Articles – Summary
Articles always come with nouns and normally they are put right in front of them. They indicate the gender of the noun (Genus), its number (Numerus) and its case (Kasus). Depending on these factors, the ending of the articles changes. There are two types of articles, definite and indefinite ones.
Definite articles (der, die, das) are mostly used for known people or objects. In their plural forms, definite articles no longer depend on their gender.
|Nominative||der Baum||die Katze||das Haus|
|Genitive||des Baumes||der Katze||des Hauses|
|Dative||dem Baum||der Katze||dem Haus|
|Accusative||den Baum||die Katze||das Haus|
- Example: “Die Katze klettert auf den Baum vor dem Haus.”
|Nominative||die Bäume||die Katzen||die Häuser|
|Genitive||der Bäume||den Katzen||den Häusern|
|Dative||den Bäumen||den Katzen||den Häusern|
|Accusative||die Bäume||die Katzen||die Häuser|
- Example: “Die Katzen klettern auf die Bäume vor den Häusern.”
Indefinite articles are normally used for people or objects that are not known. A plural form of indefinite articles does not exist. But there is another form, their negation.
|Nominative||ein Baum||eine Katze||ein Haus|
|Genitive||eines Baumes||einer Katze||eines Hauses|
|Dative||einem Baum||einer Katze||einem Haus|
|Accusative||einem Baum||eine Katze||ein Haus|
- Example: “Eine Katze klettert auf einen Baum.”
German articles are often seen as one of the most horrifying parts of German grammar. But you will see that it is nothing impossible to dominate if you dedicate some time to them. In the following, I’d like to give some basic explanations of German articles and also some useful tips for making German articles an easy thing for you! But first of all, let’s start with some basic information and structuring of German articles:
- You can mainly differ between definite and indefinite articles, as you also do in English.
- German articles vary, depending on the gender (masculine, feminine and neutral), the number (singular and plural) and the case (nominative, genitive, dative, and accusative) of the noun they precede.
It is very important for you to know some basics of German grammar in order to understand the variations of the articles. Later in this text, we will have to talk a lot about German cases. Just follow the link and language-easy.org will be glad to explain these parts of German grammar to you! Well, now knowing some basics of German articles, let’s start right ahead with going into some details!